International Day Of Women And Girls In Science Activities

 

books-for-girls-scienceThis is the first year we have put the International Day of Women and Girls in Science on our list of days.   It is only the second time that it is to be celebrated.  The STEM subjects are still dominated by boys although when girls do take these subjects they do exceedingly well at them.  Celebrating this day for us is all about challenging the male stereotype of the scientist.  We all know about Albert Einstein, Thomas Watt, Thomas Edison, and Benjamin Franklin.  However, after reading Ada Twist Scientist I thought for Miss C we should look into how women have progressed science, innovation and technology.For anyone needing encouragement to be the next inventor or if you wonder if science is for you – take a look at the book lists, links and activities and give it a go on any day not just on Saturday – Day of International Women and Girls in Science.

  • Read books about women in science.  
Here is a book list from Erica from What do we do all day.  If you haven’t seen her blog it has the most amazing book lists on just about every subject .  We use them all time .

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The blog books my kids read has a great selection of books and book lists.  For a review of women in science books hit the link or the picture.
https://booksmykidsread.wordpress.com/2016/04/07/future-inventors-unite
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  • Research and make a list of your top 10 women in science.

Here is our top 10 Women in Science list in no order –  we think they are all brilliant.  Who would your top 10 women in Science be?  As we researched the subject we were amazed and enthralled all at the same time that so many women have contributed so much to progress science  – who knew?

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1. Hedy Lamarr (1914 -2000)
Famous actress Hedy Lamarr was also a great inventor whose invention for a radio guidance system for torpedoes which used spread spectrum technology and frequency hopping. The principles are now incorporated into modern WiFi and blue tooth.  In 2014 she was inducted into the National inventors hall of fame in USA.
2. Dorothy Hodgkin (1910 – 1994)
Dorothy determined the structures of penicillin, insulin and Vitamin B12.  This work won her the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964
.3. Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958)
Rosalind’s work made huge advances towards the discovery of the double helix shape of DNA.  She was the first person to take close up photos of the structure which later gained Watson and Crick the Nobel Prize after one of Rosalind’s colleagues gave the pair photos without her permission- so the story goes.
4. Kathrine Blodgett (1898 – 1979)
Kathrine was the first woman to receive a Phd in physics from the University of Cambridge in U.K. and the first woman to be hired by GE during World War II.  Her invention of non reflective glass is still used today in computer screens, eye glasses and car window screens.
5. Stephanie Kwolek (1923 – 2014)
Stephanie worked for DuPont for her entire career formulating synthetic fibres.  She developed Kevlar a synthetic material that is 5x stronger than steel. (bulletproof vest material) and was awarded the National medal of technology for her research and inducted into the National inventors hall of fame in 1994.
6. Grace Hopper (1906-1992)
Grace designed the Harvard Mark I computer a 5 ton room sized machine in 1944.  She also coined the terms bug, debug and debugging as she had to step inside the device and remove moths that would interfere with programming.7.  Shirley Jackson (1946-     )
Theoretical physicist and the first African American woman to receive a PhD from MIT in 1973.  Whilst working at Bell Labs she conducted ground breaking research with subatomic particles that later helped others to invent the portable fax machine, touch tone phone, call waiting and call id.  The technology is also behind the inventions of solar cells and fibre optics.8. Maria Beasley ( 1847-1904)
So the story goes one day in 1882 Maria looked out of her window at the sea and said  “People should stop dying in such huge transportation disasters.”  After that she invented the life raft and also a machine to make barrels.9. Marie Curie (1867-1934)
Yes you can split an atom and this was one of the major discoveries by Marie Curie.  The first person to win 2 Nobel Prizes the first for the discovery of radioactivity and the second for the discovery of Polonium and Radium.

10. Nancy Johnson ( 1795 – 1890)
In 1843 inventor of the ice cream freezing machine before freezers were even invented.   A manual device cranked by a handle.

  • Make a date to go to your local Science Museum

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  • Do some kitchen science at home. 

When we make play dough, bake, or play with goop a non-Newtonian fluid these types of activities are all simple science experiments that excite young minds.

Anna at the Imagination Tree has a great no cook playdough recipe.  It works every time and now the kids are older they even make it themselves. Click the picture to find the recipe

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Goop can be made from cornflour and water and is endless messy fun that is best done in the kitchen or out side.
Here is a great post from the Tinkerlab.  Click the picture to find the recipe.
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Baking is full of wonder and has huge amount of science and maths involved, from weighing and measuring to how eggs and baking powder work.  See an older post from us for 10 easy baking recipes for kids.baking-blog-post-cover
  • Have fun with science – Here are some links to great websites that are all about having fun with science.

http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/experiments.html
http://www.sciencebuddies.org/

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